Monday, November 12, 2018

BacterioFiles 361 - Figuring Fungus's Forcing Fly Functions

Fruit fly infected with fungus
By Elya et al 2018;7:e34414
This episode: Bringing a fungus that makes zombie flies into the lab makes a good model for studying microbial mind-control!

Thanks to Dr. Carolyn Elya for her contribution!
Download Episode (12.1 MB, 13.25 minutes)

Show notes:
Microbe of the episode: Dipteran brevidensovirus 2

News item

Videos of fly fungus infection progression

Journal Papers:
Elya C, Lok TC, Spencer QE, McCausland H, Martinez CC, Eisen M. 2018. Robust manipulation of the behavior of Drosophila melanogaster by a fungal pathogen in the laboratory. eLife 7:e34414.

Other interesting stories:

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Episode outline:

Monday, November 5, 2018

BacterioFiles 360 - Fellow Phages Fight Fortifications

Bacteriophage
By Rolf Lood, Matthias Mörgelin,
Anna Holmberg, Magnus Rasmussen
and Mattias Collin
BMC Microbiology 2008,
8:139 doi:10.1186/1471-2180-8-139
CC BY 2.5
This episode: Bacteriophages with defenses against bacterial CRISPR defenses have to work together to succeed!

Thanks to Drs. Edze Westra and Stineke van Houte for their contributions, and to Calvin Cornell for suggesting this story!
Download Episode (9.6 MB, 10.5 minutes)

Show notes:
Microbe of the episode: Lactobacillus casei subsp. alactosus

News item 1/News item 2

Journal Papers:
Borges AL, Zhang JY, Rollins MF, Osuna BA, Wiedenheft B, Bondy-Denomy J. 2018. Bacteriophage Cooperation Suppresses CRISPR-Cas3 and Cas9 Immunity. Cell 174:917-925.e10.

Landsberger M, Gandon S, Meaden S, Rollie C, Chevallereau A, Chabas H, Buckling A, Westra ER, Houte S van. 2018. Anti-CRISPR Phages Cooperate to Overcome CRISPR-Cas Immunity. Cell 174:908-916.e12.

Other interesting stories:

Post questions or comments here or email to bacteriofiles@gmail.com. Thanks for listening!

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Episode outline:

Monday, October 29, 2018

BacterioFiles 359 - Prokaryotes Provoke Perpendicular Punishment

Strain resistant to toxin
quickly takes over colony
By Despoina Mavridou
This episode: Some bacteria produce DNA-targeting toxins, which provokes a similar retaliation from other strains. Sometimes this hurts the provoker, but sometimes it is very helpful to them!

Thanks to Dr. Despoina Mavridou for her contribution!
Download Episode (7.9 MB, 8.4 minutes)

Show notes:
Microbe of the episode: Mycobacterium virus Athena

News item

Journal Paper:
Gonzalez D, Sabnis A, Foster KR, Mavridou DAI. 2018. Costs and benefits of provocation in bacterial warfare. Proc Natl Acad Sci 115:7593–7598.

Other interesting stories:

Post questions or comments here or email to bacteriofiles@gmail.com. Thanks for listening!

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Episode outline:

Sunday, October 21, 2018

State Fair

Last interruption for a while: I was participating in the NC State Fair all weekend. It was fun and there were even microbe exhibits there! Though mostly ones encouraging hand-washing.

Monday, October 15, 2018

BacterioFiles 358 - elegans Endures Edifying Enterococcus

Caenorhabditis elegans
By Bob Goldstein, UNC Chapel Hill
Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0
This episode: Roundworms and not-too-irritating bacteria quickly evolve a beneficial relationship when under threat from other bacterial pathogens!
Download Episode (7.5 MB, 8.1 minutes)

Show notes:
Microbe of the episode: Siegesbeckia yellow vein betasatellite

News item

Journal Paper:
Rafaluk‐Mohr C, Ashby B, Dahan DA, King KC. 2018. Mutual fitness benefits arise during coevolution in a nematode-defensive microbe model. Evol Lett 2:246–256.

Other interesting stories:

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Episode outline:

Sunday, October 7, 2018

No episode this week

Family event this weekend, so I didn't have time to get an episode up. See you next week!

Monday, October 1, 2018

BacterioFiles 357 - Colossal Contagion Codes Catabolism

Tetraselmis alga
By: David Patterson and
Bob Andersen, CC BY-NC 3.0
This episode: A new giant virus infecting marine algae brings its own genes related to fermentation, generating energy in the absence of oxygen!

Thanks to Drs. Chris Schvarcz and Grieg Steward for their contributions!

Download Episode (14 MB, 15.25 minutes)

Show notes:
Microbe of the episode: Borrelia anserina

News item

Journal Paper:
Schvarcz CR, Steward GF. 2018. A giant virus infecting green algae encodes key fermentation genes. Virology 518:423–433.

Other interesting stories:

Post questions or comments here or email to bacteriofiles@gmail.com. Thanks for listening!

Subscribe: Apple Podcasts, RSS, Google Play. Support the show at Patreon, or check out the show at Twitter or Facebook.

Episode outline: